January is a time of reflection. After our new year’s hangovers have worn off, many of us try to take stock of the previous year, in a bid to understand what went wrong and how we could have done better.
To this end, we often engage in the typically futile tradition of setting ourselves new year’s resolutions, in the mistaken belief that this year it will all be different.
For the past few years, January has also been the month when I look back on the results of the FT’s stockpicking contest. It is usually a fun exercise, particularly when auditing which of my colleagues’ confident predictions of corporate trends came utterly undone.
But this year, with the coronavirus pandemic throwing our lives into turmoil in ways many of us previously thought impossible, I tallied up the results in a rather different light. Glancing through some of our FT scribes’ stock choices from a year ago was akin to sifting through relics of a bygone age, from pub companies to cruise liners.
Before we get into our writers’ success and failures, however, a bit of background for the uninitiated.
For the past five years, FT journalists have held a charity stockpicking contest. It gives the know-it-all writers of the pink paper an opportunity to test our mettle against the market, most importantly, in a safe setting where no actual money is wagered. The only potential loss is your pride.
It is frankly difficult for many of us at the FT to invest in single stocks, particularly those of us who write about companies on a daily basis. It is also frankly unwise, given the existence of low-cost index funds.
Yet, just as you can have a crack at prime London real estate investing in Monopoly, you can have a go at being an equity fund manager in the FT contest. For the past couple of years, we’ve also opened it up to our readers (more on that later).
The rules are simple. Contestants have to choose five stocks listed anywhere in the world that they think will achieve the highest percentage return that year. They can take either a long or short position — betting that the shares will either rise, or fall. The portfolios are equally weighted and have no base currency (meaning foreign exchange movements have no effect on the end result) and dividends do not contribute to the returns.
And, in a bid to make our contestants actually take bold bets on the fortunes of companies, ETFs and other listed instruments that provide exposure to a diversified basket of assets are outlawed.
Shadow of the pandemic
One year ago, as FT writers were locking in their choices at the end of January 2020, Covid-19 was already firmly part of the popular lexicon. Yet, to many of us in the FT’s headquarters in London, the brewing pandemic still seemed primarily a problem for Asia.
One FT writer even confidently submitted an “Everyone will have forgotten about coronavirus by December 2020” portfolio. Spoiler alert: he did not go on to win the competition.
The top-performing stockpickers, unsurprisingly, all included bets on online shopping.
Our second-placed journalist, who booked an impressive overall return of 60 per cent, explicitly described his portfolio as a “pro-internet shopping, anti-shopping centre” portfolio.
His bets on warehouse and distribution centre owners — as a proxy for the increased logistics and deliveries that go in hand with an uptick in online retail — held their value well. His short positions on heavily indebted UK mall operators Hammerson and Intu, meanwhile, delivered massive gains.
Yet he was bested to the crown by the FT’s Rome correspondent Miles Johnson, who proved that perhaps he was more the beneficiary of skill than luck by winning the contest for the second year running.
Miles rode through the market turmoil to notch up a frankly bewildering 104 per cent return, propelled to victory by the fivefold increase in the stock price of UK online retailer AO World. Having ordered a new television from AO in the Boxing Day sales, I feel I should take some of the credit for his victory.
These contestants who bet heavily on online shopping companies, or shorted bricks-and-mortar retailers, would be the first to admit they did not eerily predict the lockdowns across the world that shuttered many stores.
But a lesson from our contest, as in markets this year, is that the coronavirus crisis accelerated many secular trends that were already well under way. The shift from physical to online retail had been gathering pace for years, before Covid-related lockdowns gave it even more impetus.
Tallying up the winners and losers in a year unlike any other also served to reinforce just how quickly things change in markets. When share prices around the world were plunging in the dark depths of March, our leading contestant was the particularly maladjusted pessimist who consistently takes five short positions year after year.
By the year’s close, he was sitting on huge losses. This was due in large part to a short position on Tesla, the electric car company whose stock surged to make it by far the most valuable carmaker in the world in 2020.
Still, his losses were not quite as painful as our losing contestant who made the even bigger mistake of betting against Tesla’s Chinese rival Nio, an electric car manufacturer whose stock rose more than 1,200 per cent during the course of our contest.
The age-old risk of short selling — that you can lose more than your initial investment — proved a recurrent one in our writers’ portfolios, in a year when central banks and governments took unprecedented steps to help keep companies afloat.
So how did I perform? Well, last year I decided to get thematic with my investment process. I devised the “Mike Hunter Portfolio”, in tribute to a stalwart of the FT markets desk who had recently departed the paper, reflecting the great man’s loves and pet hates.
Unfortunately, Mike’s fondness for a cheap pint and a hot pastry served my portfolio badly in lockdown Britain, resulting in losses on my exposure to Greggs and Wetherspoons. The longtime Manchester City fan’s hatred for Manchester United served me better, booking profits on a short position on the football club’s New York-listed stock.
Even better was a bet against the stock of GoAhead Group, the bus and rail company that operated the former FT scribe’s commuter train from Kent to London. As the world shifted to working from home in 2020, the company’s stock more than halved.
Mike Hunter had long held the unofficial role of the FT’s “teamaker-in-chief” and it was his love of the quintessentially British beverage that provided the portfolio’s star performer: Tetley-owner Tata Consumer Products, whose stock finished the year up more than 50 per cent.
While I will not try to claim that this portfolio was particularly based on trying to read the tea leaves of markets, it did result in a positive — if not benchmark beating — overall return of 14 per cent.
As our FT writers lock in their choices for this year’s contest, they have some big questions to grapple with: will vaccines deliver us from coronavirus for good? Can anything arrest the rise of Big Tech? How will the end of the Trump presidency shape markets?
I have some informed guesses, although I am keeping my cards close to my chest. I hope you will play along with us.
How to enter this year’s competition
The aim of the FT’s stockpicking competition is to select companies you think will deliver the highest percentage return this year (to be precise, the period from February 1 to December 31) or those whose shares will fall the furthest.
The rules are simple. Contestants must pick five stocks and take either a long or short position on each — betting that the share price will rise, or fall. Perhaps you will stick to five companies that you know well, or you might decide to pick a range of companies from different sectors and operating in different countries to create a more diversified portfolio.
The portfolios are equally weighted and have no base currency (meaning foreign exchange movements have no effect on the end result) and dividends do not contribute to the returns.
The competition entry form is at FT.com/stockpick2021 where you can enter your five picks from today until midnight on January 31. The form lists thousands of stocks from exchanges around the world. Once you start typing, for example the letter “C”, the form will jump to all companies starting with C to make the selection easier.
Entrants must choose five individual companies — investment trusts and funds are not allowed and readers who pick the same company more than once will be disqualified.
The three readers whose portfolios perform the best in 2021 will be invited to the FT’s Bracken House offices when lockdowns and travel restrictions have been lifted.
FT Money readers: the 2020 winners
The winner of FT Money’s 2020 stockpicking competition is Giacomo from Rome, who beat more than 400 readers — and the FT’s in-house experts — to secure the top spot with a portfolio returning 496 per cent, writes Nikou Asgari.
He shot to the top of the leaderboard in the final month of the year after the price of bitcoin surged and caused the share prices of his two cryptocurrency mining companies to rocket.
Bitcoin climbed to record heights in the last few months of 2020, before breaching the $30,000 mark for the first time in early January. Its rapid ascent has led to renewed debates and warnings about the asset’s stability while retail and institutional investors continue to put money into the cryptocurrency.
Giacomo, who did not give permission for his full name to be published, chose Nasdaq-listed bitcoin mining companies Riot Blockchain and Marathon Patent Group. Their share prices rose 1,149 and 924 per cent respectively from February 3 (the start of our competition) to December 31. As the only reader to choose these companies, coupled with his long bets on Tesla and Apple, Giacomo comfortably clinched the top spot.
In second place with a return of 391 per cent is James Bennett, a Manchester-based graduate analyst at BNY Mellon, who judged that coronavirus infections would accelerate and chose his stocks accordingly.
His best performing pick was Nasdaq-listed biotech company Novavax, which has a coronavirus vaccine in late-stage trials and funding from the US government. Novavax’s share price rose 1,537 per cent last year and it was the single best performing company picked by FT readers.
“Back in January I was reading about the virus in China and I saw there being real scope for the need for a vaccine,” says Mr Bennett. He also picked Tesla and several Chinese tech companies which have benefited from increased online activity, including Baidu, China’s leading search engine.
In bronze medal place is Peter Menedis, owner of a medical device company from Florida, who also picked Novavax and Tesla, as well as Amazon. “Novavax was a pure flyer that turned out to be a great hit,” says Mr Menedis.
He adds that Tesla, a favourite among retail investors, was “probably undervalued at the time . . . I looked at it as a tech company rather than a car company and the valuations are different for tech companies.”
The coronavirus crisis battered the US oil sector as consumption and prices collapsed, leading to a surge in bankruptcies. A long bet on US energy company EOG Resources, whose share price fell 30 per cent, meant that Mr Menedis’s total returns of 379 per cent landed him third place.
As a whole, the great majority of FT readers were more comfortable with making optimistic choices at the beginning of 2020: 78 per cent of all stock picks were long, meaning that FT readers bet that the company’s price would rise.
The three winners have been invited to visit the FT offices in central London — when lockdowns and travel restrictions are lifted — where they will tour Bracken House and meet FT journalists.