Cortisol is a hormone that gets activated when you are suffering from mental or physical stress. It’s called the stress hormone or fight or flight” hormone. Usually Cortisol is high in the morning and low in the evening. It’s produced by your adrenal glands. Nearly all your body cells have receptors for cortisol hormone and that’s why it plays a crucial role in different processes. High levels of Cortisol can cause
- Number of digestive issues
- High blood sugar
- Weight gain
- Memory problems
- Slow down our ability to grow new brain cells
The reason why cortisol imbalance can cause health issues is that our body relies on the cooperation of the three parts of our body:
- the adrenal gland
- the pituitary gland
- the hypothalamus, which is part of the brain
When the function of even 1 part goes wrong, the whole hormonal balance is in danger.
Fortunately, there are several ways to reduce the cortisol level
Cut off caffeine, sugar and alcohol.
Caffeine increases the cortisol level even when you are not stressed. It can also cause high blood pressure, so it’s advised to use low caffeine alternatives and cut the amount day by day
Sugar is always a bad idea. Yes, our body uses sugar as fuel but better to replace them with complex carbohydrates rather than simple sugar. Avoid using white bread, cakes, candies etc..
Alcohol is a depressant, While you are drinking it and feeling more relaxed, it causes several issues later. It also disrupts deep sleep which is one more reason to feel stressed.
Exercise but not a lot
Yoga, meditation and other physical activities have a great impact on reducing the stress level in your body. But secretion of cortisol increases during hard exercises, so you need to keep the balance and turn to more meditative exercises.
Get a good sleep
Cortisol level depends on your sleep cycle. It is the highest when we wake up and lowest at night. Cortisol level is high among people who experience insomnia or sleep deprivation. Don’t forget that the amount of sleep will not make significant changes if the quality of sleep is poor.
Food has a direct impact on our health and hormonal balance. To reduce the level of stress and balance the Cortisol level in the bloodstream use high quality food that contain the following nutrients:
- Whole grains
- Dark chocolate
- Bananas and pears
- Probiotics in yogurt
Keep a pet
Researches on Washington State University found that keeping and taking care of a pet reduces stress level more than a friend`s or family’s support and warm treatment. even 10 minutes spent with a pet can reduce the level of Cortisol.
Everyone wishes to have a happy life and not be stressed. Well this is not an easy task when we are always in a hurry trying to manage our job with friends and family. But at least you can help your body to calm you down by using the simple healthy tips. Stay safe and hydrated! Enjoy your life, you don’t have another one.