The England youngsters face Romania in a friendly next month before hosting Kosovo at Stadium MK as they begin their qualifying run for the 2023 European Championship.
Balogun is joined in the squad by Arsenal team-mate Emile Smith-Rowe while Tyreece John-Jules, on loan at Blackpool from the Gunners, also earns a first call-up.
There are a number of ex-Chelsea faces in there, with 18-year-old Tino Livramento included after a flying start to the season at Southampton. Marc Guehi, who joined Crystal Palace for £18million this summer, is also in the group as is Conor Gallagher, on loan at Palace from Chelsea.
There is no place for Callum Hudson-Odoi, while Mason Greenwood is also not in there despite having been left out of Gareth Southgate’s senior squad.
Liverpool’s Harvey Elliott is included after an encouraging start to the season as is PSV Eindhoven star Noni Madueke, who made his debut in the failed Euro 2021.
It is the first squad since former manager Aidy Boothroyd left his post having failed to get out of the group at two successive Euro campaigns.
Goalkeepers: Joe Bursik (Stoke City), Etienne Green (St. Etienne), Josh Griffiths (Lincoln City, loan from West Bromwich Albion)
Defenders: Max Aarons (Norwich City), Levi Samuels-Colwill (Huddersfield Town, loan from Chelsea), Charlie Cresswell (Leeds United), Marc Guehi (Crystal Palace), Taylor Harwood-Bellis (Anderlecht, loan from Manchester City), Valentino Livramento (Southampton), Ryan Sessegnon (Tottenham Hotspur), Luke Thomas (Leicester City)
Midfielders: Tommy Doyle (Manchester City), Conor Gallagher (Crystal Palace, loan from Chelsea), Jimmy Garner (Nottingham Forest, loan from Manchester United), Curtis Jones (Liverpool)*, Cole Palmer (Manchester City), Jacob Ramsey (Aston Villa), Oliver Skipp (Tottenham Hotspur),
Forward: Folarin Balogun (Arsenal), Rhian Brewster (Sheffield United), Harvey Elliott (Liverpool), Tyreece John-Jules (Blackpool, loan from Arsenal), Noni Madueke (PSV Eindhoven), Emile Smith-Rowe (Arsenal)
* Suspended for Kosovo game