Windows 11 users complain of slow NVMe SSD performance

Users of Windows 11 are complaining about slow write speeds on NVMe SSD drives, a problem which persists even though it was acknowledged by a Microsoft engineer three months ago.

Samsung NVMe SSD drives are among those reported to be slow on Windows 11

NVMe (Non-Volatile Memory Express) is storage protocol that uses PCIe (PCI Express) to connect to the CPU, with more than twice the bandwidth of SATA interfaces and support for multiple I/O queues.

The problem was reported on Reddit at least three months ago, before the official launch of Windows 11 in October, with a user showing that on a 4K 64 thread write test, measuring the ability to write 64 4K files in parallel, Window 10 reported 1,600MB/s but Windows 11 could only manage 91MB/s. “I am on the Microsoft file systems team and am investigating this issue,” said the first comment.

Another user reported more severe issues, with “4K IOPS write down by 7 times,” using the popular CrystalMark benchmarking tool.

Nailing down the exact reasons for the drop in the performance is challenging. A few days ago, a user reported a 60 per cent drop in random write performance with a Samsung EVO 980 Pro, but no issue with an EVO 970 Plus installed on the same PC.

Another user with a 980 Pro stated that “I can confirm the issue apparently is only present on the primary drive that is running Windows 11,” adding: “I regret upgrading to Windows 11.”

Some users are finding that disabling VBS (Virtualization Based Security, described here) improves matters – which should not be interpreted as a recommendation to do so.

Some have reported improvement by upgrading the EVO firmware, others say it has made no difference. It may be a matter of waiting for driver updates.

As an aside, we have been running Windows 11 since the launch and on the plus side, it is stable, the rounded corners and refreshed appearance looks nice, and most applications run equally well as on Windows 10.

That said, it remains hard to find new features that make it worth upgrading, other than perhaps Android support if relevant. On the negative side, the inferior taskbar and Start menu remain an annoyance, as does the revamped right-click menu in Explorer (though there is a registry hack to remove it). ®

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