Disastrous British WWII raid on Dieppe was decoy for secret mission using elite German refugee soldiers to steal Nazis’ new Enigma machine – under command of James Bond writer Ian Fleming
- The Dieppe raid was designed as a decoy by James Bond writer Ian Fleming
- German refugees were supposed to pinch Nazis’ new Enigma coding machine
- Plan collapsed and around 1,000 Allied troops were killed during 1942 raid
The disastrous Dieppe raid during World War Two was designed as a decoy by James Bond writer Ian Fleming so German refugee commandos could secretly pinch the Nazis’ new Enigma coding machine, a new book claims.
German refugees who had escaped the Nazis were put at the at the centre of military planning for the August 1942 raid on Dieppe in France by Lord Mountbatten and Fleming, then a senior naval intelligence officer.
The group of five refugees were supposed to break into a hotel used by Nazi military commanders and steal the new Enigma machine and its code books while Allied troops staged a frontal assault on the occupied port.
However, the daring plan collapsed after the 6,000 British and Canadian troop convoys crossing the Channel at night were spotted by a Nazi patrol boat.
Greeted by artillery and machinegun fire as they landed on the beaches, nearly 1,000 troops were killed while 2,400 were wounded and 2,000 were captured in one of Britain’s greatest wartime disasters.
September 1942: According to German wartime sources, this is a British tank landing vessel and two British tanks captured by the Germans during the raid on Dieppe
Left: Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten. Right: Ian Fleming, creator of James Bond
German soldiers using the Enigma coding machine to send encrypted wartime messages
In her new book X-Troop: The Secret Jewish Commandos of World War Two, US professor Leah Garrett published a long-classified, after-action report written by one of the refugees, known by his Anglicised name Maurice Latimer.
He had stated that his orders had been ‘to proceed immediately to German General HQ in Dieppe to pick up all documents, etc of value, including, if possible, a new German respirator’, the Observer reports.
Garrett claims that ‘respirator’ was almost certainly a code word referring to the Enigma machine, used by the Nazis to send encrypted messages across Europe.
Codebreakers at Bletchley Park led by Alan Turing had partially decrypted a three-rotor Enigma machine in 1941, revealing crucial intelligence about the whereabouts of German U-boats sinking Allied vessels.
However, by the following spring, the Nazis had switched to a new, four-rotor machine that was much harder to crack. With vessels transporting food supplies and equipment coming under attack, getting hold of one of the new machines was regarded by British authorities as a high priority.
Pictured: Casualties of the disastrous Dieppe raid in northern France, August 1942
Canadian troops returning from the combined operations raid at Dieppe
Left: British novelist Ian Fleming. Right: Lord Louis Mountbatten
According to Garrett, a majority of the German Jewish refugees who had fled Nazi-annexed Sudetenland in the early part of the Second World War had spent the summer and autumn of 1940 in British internment camps.
They protested that they were anti-Nazis and not German fifth columnists, and went on to join the Pioneer Corps to prove their loyalty to Britain. The best of them were then selected for X-Troop, seeing action in North Africa, Sicily and France.
Mountbatten had come up with the X-Troop idea in the summer of 1942 when he realised he was going to need German speakers for the Dieppe raid.
The plane he and Fleming formulated required participants to identify the relevant code documents and to interrogate captured Nazi soldiers. Of the five men on the pinch mission, however, none got close to the Hotel Moderne.
One of the refugee commandos was killed, one was badly wounded, and the other two were captured and spent the rest of the war in POW camps.
What was Enigma and how did British mathematician Alan Turing and his team break the code?
The Enigma was a type of enciphering machine used by the German armed forces to send messages securely during the Second World War.
The Enigma was a type of enciphering machine used by the German armed forces in the Second World War
It used a complex series of rotors and lights to encrypt messages by swapping letters around via an ever-changing ‘Enigma code’.
Polish mathematicians worked out how to read Enigma messages prior to 1939, and shared this information with the British.
But German cryptographers upgraded the security of the machines at the outbreak of the war by changing the cipher system daily.
A team of researchers, including famed British mathematician Alan Turing, eventually broke the enigma code in 1941.
They invented devices known as Bombe machines that could decipher the enigma code, allowing Allied forces to intercept German messages.
It is believed that the work of Turing and his team shortened the war’s duration by up to two years.