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Working class civil servants are blocked from succeeding, report finds

Working class Civil Service staff are blocked from succeeding because they don’t speak the same ‘secret code’ as their posher peers who drop Latin into casual conversations. 

The Social Mobility Commission (SMC) revealed nearly three-quarters of senior officials come from privileged backgrounds. A quarter of those holding the top jobs attended independent schools.

And analysis of more than 300,000 civil servants showed that just 18 per cent of the senior Civil Service come from a disadvantaged background compared to 72 per cent from a privileged one. 

The report found those from disadvantaged backgrounds feel there is a ‘secret code’ for correct behaviour among staff. 

This involves high-brow conversation topics such as galleries, foreign holidays and theatres, which is ‘alienating and intimidating’ to some.

One survey respondent said the use of Latin and metaphors about cricket were a key part of ministerial meetings.

She said: ‘There’s so much Latin and that really is real.

‘You know, you’ll be in a ministerial meeting and they’ll sort of talk in Latin but they’re sort of making what you’ll realise later is a sort of joke about Brussels that everyone sort of understands and laughs.’ 

Civil Service staff using cricket and Latin metaphors in the workplace acts as a ‘secret code’ and blocks working-class employees from succeeding, according to a new report. Pictured: Cabinet Secretary Simon Case who provides professional leadership to the Civil Service 

The SMC’s report looked at social and economic diversity among civil servants, those employed by the government to impartially implement their policies and laws.

The route to the top of the Civil Service is a ‘velvet drainpipe’, with those promoted generally being from the more privileged cohort, it found.

They have the advantage of the right accent or ‘received pronunciation’, an emotionally detached and understated manner and an ‘intellectual approach’ to culture and politics. 

Meanwhile, those from vastly under-represented, disadvantaged backgrounds have to master ‘unwritten rules’ in order to progress. 

Talent or detailed knowledge about the job come secondary to shared humour and leisure pursuits and taking part in ‘fireside chats’ with bosses.

The Commission recommended that class should be a ‘protected characteristic’ alongside factors such as race, gender, disability, age, and religion.

The report was blasted by a source as ‘wokery on steroids’, The Daily Telegraph reports.

And a top civil servant – who had a well-off upbringing –  said ministers would receive advice better from them than from ‘a younger, Muslim, working-class woman’, The Times reports.

Steven Cooper, interim co-chair of the Social Mobility Commission, said: ‘Civil servants from disadvantaged backgrounds are significantly under-represented in the organisation, and even if they do “get in” they can struggle to “get on”.’

The report by Dr Sam Friedman – incoming Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics – said that while the Civil Service has been praised for fair recruitment and publishing workforce data, ‘socio-economic diversity has rarely been scrutinised, and not for several decades’.

The report said those who get to the top ‘use existing networks’.

It added: ‘The right accent and a “studied neutrality” seem to win through at every stage of their career. 

‘Even at the lower end of the profession, progress is thwarted for those who don’t know the rule.’

But it added that the organisation ‘is acutely aware that it needs to do better’ and had developed an action plan.

The Commission recommended that the virtual working of Parliament should be permanently adopted to enable MPs and ministers, with Civil Service hubs, to be based outside London.

The data showed strong regional divides, with just 22 per cent of London-based civil servants being from a low socio-economic background, compared to 48 per cent in the North East.

The Social Mobility Commission (SMC) revealed nearly three-quarters of senior officials come from privileged backgrounds. A quarter of those holding the top jobs attended independent schools. Pictured: Boris Johnson

The Social Mobility Commission (SMC) revealed nearly three-quarters of senior officials come from privileged backgrounds. A quarter of those holding the top jobs attended independent schools. Pictured: Boris Johnson

And there was also a split across departments, just 12 per cent of those working at the Treasury were working class, compared to 45 per cent at the Department for Work and Pensions.

However, it also said one in four of those who considered themselves to come from a low socio-economic background actually had a more advantaged upbringing.

They often reached back to family history of working-class struggle which ‘blinds them from considering the socio-economic advantages they have enjoyed’.

Female civil servants from working-class backgrounds were more likely than men from the same socio-economic bracket to believe their background will hamper their progression.

The report also found that ‘black civil servants report routinely battling classed stereotypes of blackness that are both offensive and bear no resemblance to their actual lives and experiences’.

One civil servant interviewed for the report said: ‘So, my sense from quite early on was that there was a secret code as to how to get on. 

‘There were these folk that worked in the Treasury, had done certain things… they knew about “the velvet drainpipe”, as you hear it described. 

‘The way up and through. And they’d clearly done it, and they had a language to speak about it.’ 

Dr Friedman said: ‘An important part of progressing through the labyrinth of the Civil Service is mastering the unwritten rules; what jobs to take, where to work, how to negotiate opportunities, and above all how to behave.

‘And, strikingly, it is those from privileged backgrounds who hold the upper hand in unpicking these hidden rules.’

Civil Service social mobility champion Bernadette Kelly, who is also Permanent Secretary at the Department for Transport, said: ‘We are strongly committed to driving progress on socio-economic diversity in the Civil Service.

‘No-one should be held back from achieving their full potential because they come from a less privileged background. 

‘We are already acting on many of the findings and recommendations in this report – for example, we are extending apprenticeships and moving hundreds of Senior Civil Service jobs out of London.

‘I hope it will help us to focus our efforts on the actions that will have the most impact.’   


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