The crowdsourcing gig app Premise is being used by the U.S. military to gather intelligence by paying users to take photos and complete tasks, according to a new report.
Premise has received at least $5 million since 2017 on military projects for the U.S. Army and Air Force, according to federal spending records reported by the Wall Street Journal.
The app pays users small fees, typically 5 to 10 cents, to carry out tasks, such as taking a photo of an ATM, completing a survey, or filling out observational reports such as recording the price of different consumer goods.
Premise says that about half of its clients are private companies seeking information to better understand the market and their competitors — but the Journal reveals that its users may also be unwittingly contributing to government intelligence gathering.
Premise Data Corp, based in San Francisco, did not immediately respond to a request for comment from DailyMail.com on Sunday.
Premise pays users a small fee to carry out tasks, such as take a photo of an ATM or fill out a survey. A new report reveals some of the data is purchased by military intelligence
Leaked documents obtained by the Wall Street Journal show that Premise proposed using its network to gather intel for the US military in Afghanistan
Marketing materials from last year said Premise has 600,000 contributors operating in 43 countries, including Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria and Yemen.
In a 2019 proposal for U.S. forces in Afghanistan, which was leaked to the Journal, Premise proposed three potential uses that could be carried out in a way that is ‘responsive to commander’s information requirements’
The company said it could gauge the effectiveness of U.S. information operations, scout and map out key social structures such as mosques, banks and internet cafes, and covertly monitor cell-tower and Wi-Fi signals in a 100-square-kilometer area.
The presentation said that the company could design tasks to ‘safeguard true intent,’ hiding the intelligence gathering nature of the operation from contributors.
Another Premise document explains that ‘proxy activities’ such as counting bus stops, electricity lines or ATMs could be used to get contributors to move around as the app gathers background data on wireless networks or other cellphones.
A pitch to military leaders described Premise as a ‘system for persistent ground ISR’, an abbreviation of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance
Premise has 600,000 contributors operating in 43 countries, including Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria and Yemen, according to a 2019 proposal to the US military
Premise says that it works with publicly available data, comparing the practice to how Google and Apple map Wi-Fi networks using phone operating systems.
‘Data gained from our contributors helped inform government policy makers on how to best deal with vaccine hesitancy, susceptibility to foreign interference and misinformation in elections, as well as the location and nature of gang activity in Honduras,’ Premise Chief Executive Officer Maury Blackman told the Journal.
‘If some of our data is used by government departments to shape policy and to protect our citizens, we are proud of that,’ he said.
Another document that Premise submitted to the British government last year said that the app can capture more than 100 types of metadata from users’ phones, including location, battery level and other installed apps.
It was not clear whether any United Kingdom government agency has contracted with Premise, and the company declined to reveal its client list.
US Army patrol in Afghanistan with NATO and Afghan commando forces in 2018
However, federal spending records reviewed by the Journal show that a number of U.S. defense contractors and military branches have worked with the company.
The Air Force paid the company $1.4 million in 2019 to do ‘persistent ground ISR’, an abbreviation of intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance.
At least five other defense contractors working on intelligence or defense contracts have purchased data from Premise, the records show.
Premise originally launched in 2013 as a tool to track food prices in the developing world and help NGOs understand the needs of local populations.
But insiders tell the Journal that the company struggled under that business model, and pivoted toward military and intelligence contracts after bringing Blackman on as CEO in 2018.
Premise says that none of the three million people who have used the app in the past five years have been harmed while completing more than 100 million tasks or surveys.