New unemployment claims remain high at 900,000
New applications for U.S. unemployment benefits dropped slightly last week, but remain at a historically high level that points to further job cuts in a raging pandemic.
For the week ending January 16, 900,000 people filed for unemployment, a decrease of 26,000 from the prior week’s revised level, according to Labor Department data on Thursday.
Prior to the pandemic, the record for weekly jobless claims was set at 695,000 during the Great Recession, and the current levels remain higher than in any pre-pandemic week since records were first kept in 1967.
The new data highlighted the struggling economy that President Joe Biden has inherited this winter, as virus cases spiked, cold weather restricted dining and federal rescue aid expired.
The government said that 5.1 million Americans are continuing to receive state jobless benefits, down from 5.2 million in the previous week. Some people stop receiving benefits when they find work, and for others the benefits expire.
A ‘closed’ sign is seen amid the coronavirus pandemic in Los Angeles last month. For the week ending January 16, 900,000 people filed for unemployment
New viral infections have begun to slow after months of relentless increases, though they remain high and are averaging about 200,000 a day. The number of deaths in the United States from the pandemic that erupted 10 months ago has surpassed 400,000.
Economists say one factor that likely increased jobless claims in the past two weeks -despite the small drop in this week’s data – is a government financial aid package that was signed into law in late December.
Among other things, it provided a $300-a-week federal unemployment benefit on top of regular state jobless aid. The new benefit, which runs through mid-March, may be encouraging more Americans to apply for jobless benefits.
Once vaccines become more widely distributed, economists expect growth to accelerate in the second half of the year as Americans unleash pent-up demand for travel, dining out and visiting movie theaters and concert halls.
Such spending should, in theory, boost hiring and start to regain the nearly 10 million jobs lost to the pandemic.
But for now, the economy is losing ground. Retail sales have fallen for three straight months.
Restrictions on restaurants, bars and some stores, along with a reluctance of most Americans to shop, travel and eat out, have led to sharp spending cutbacks. Revenue at restaurants and bars plunged 21 percent in 2020.
New jobless claims (top) and continuing claims (bottom) are seen in the charts above
At the same time, a steady weakening of the job market has meant hardship for millions of American households. In December, employers cut 145,000 jobs, the first loss since April and the sixth straight month in which hiring has weakened. The unemployment rate remained stuck at a still-high 6.7 percent.
Yet there are signs that the $900 billion federal aid package enacted late last month may have begun to cushion the damage, in large part thanks to $600 checks being sent to most adults. The government began distributing the payments at the end of last month.
Those payments have likely helped drive an increase in spending on debit and credit cards issued by Bank of America, economists at the bank wrote last week.
Total card spending jumped 9.7 percent for the week that ended January 9 compared with a year earlier. That was up from a 2 percent year-over-year increase before the stimulus payments, Bank of America said.
Last week, Biden unveiled a $1.9 trillion coronavirus plan that would provide, among other things, $1,400 checks for most Americans, which, on top of the $600 checks already being distributed, would bring the total to $2,000 per adult.
The new plan would also make available $400 a week in federal benefits for jobless Americans and extend a moratorium on evictions and foreclosures through September. Biden’s $1.9 trillion proposal will require congressional approval.