Capitol Police Captain Carneysha Mendoza testified before the Senate Tuesday about her harrowing experience in the U.S. Capitol on January 6, especially what she witnessed in the rotunda.
The 19-year veteran of the force, who served as an active duty soldier in the Army before that – including serving at the Pentagon on 9/11 – described being hit with ‘military-grade’ CS gas and seeing officers being beaten with objects.
‘I received chemical burns to my face that still have not healed to this day,’ she told members of the Senate Rules and Homeland Security committees.
Tuesday marked the first Capitol Hill hearing on the January 6 insurrection.
Senators in the Homeland Security Committee and the Committee on Rules and Administration want to find out where the breakdowns in planning and response occurred that allowed the violence to unfold in and around the citadel of American democracy, endangering the lives of, among others, former President Donald Trump’s vice president, Mike Pence.
Mendoza was the first witness to testify, but she was joined by former Capitol Police Chief Steven Sund, the former House and Senate sergeants at arms and the head of the D.C. Metropolitan Police Department.
Capitol Police Captain Carneysha Mendoza testified that she still has chemical burns on her face from her experiencing fighting against rioters in the Capitol rotunda during the January 6 insurrection
Mendoza told a joint Senate committee Tuesday about being in the rotunda on January 6, including that officers were exposed to ‘military-grade’ CS gas. She also reported that officers were being beaten and said she almost had her arm broken
Mendoza said she expected January 6 to similar to what she witnessed on November 14, during the Million MAGA March, when she spent the day separating groups like the Proud Boys from other groups.
‘I literally woke up the next day, unable to move, due to the pain,’ she said.
Mendoza testified that on January 6, she was planning to go into work at 3 p.m.
‘It was approximately 1:30 in the afternoon, I was home eating with my 10-year-old, spending time with him before what I knew would be a long day, when a fellow captain contacted me and told me things were bad and that I needed to respond then,’ she said. ‘I literally dropped everything to respond to work that day early.’
A dispatcher told the officer that pipe bombs had been left at both the Democratic and Republican National Committees, and overall there were six active scenes.
Mendoza said she headed to the DNC first, due to proximity, but bypassed the office complex when she heard backup was needed at the Capitol Building.
The officer told the Senate that she entered the Capitol through a lower level door and saw a crowd of 200 rioters in front of her. By the time she turned around to find another entry point, a crowd had grown outside.
She found a line of Capitol Police officers and joined them.
‘At some point my right arm got wedged between rioters and the railing along a wall, a [Civil Disturbance Unit] sergeant pulled my arm and had he not I’m certain it would have been broken,’ she recalled.
From there, Mendoza headed to the rotunda.
‘Where I noticed a heavy smoke-like residue and smelled what I believed to be military-grade CS gas, a familiar smell. It was mixed with fire extinguisher spray deployed by rioters,’ she recalled. ‘The rioters continued to deploy CS into the rotunda. Officers received a lot of gas exposure, which is worse inside the building than outside because there’s nowhere for it to go.’
Officers, she said, were being knocked to the ground and hit by various objects by the rioters. ‘I was unable to determine exactly what those objects were,’ she said.
‘After a couple of hours officers cleared the rotunda but had to physically hold the door closed because it had been broken by the rioters,’ she said. ‘Officers begged me for relief because they were unsure how long they could physically hold the door closed with the crowd continually banging on the outide of the door, attempting to gain reentry.’
Supporters of President Donald Trump are confronted by Capitol Police officers outside the Senate Chamber during the January 6 insurrection
She said they found furniture and other objects to eventually keep the doors closed.
‘I know some said the battle lasted three hours, but according to my FitBit, I was in the exercise zone for four hours and nine minutes and many officers were in the fight even before I arrived,’ she noted.
Mendoza also told the lawmakers that ‘into the very early morning hours of my birthday, January 8,’ she was with the family members of Capitol Police officer Brian Sicknick, who died from injuries sustained during the insurrection.
‘This was by far the worst of the worst,’ Mendoza said. ‘We could have had 10 times the amount of people working with us and I still believe the battle would have been just as devastating.’
‘As an American, and as an Army veteran, it’s sad to see us attack by our fellow citizens. I’m sad to see the unnecessary loss of life. I’m sad to see the impact has had on Capitol Police officers. And I’m sad to see the impact this has had on our agency and our country,’ she also testified.
Mendoza’s testimony was supplemented by top former officials who had been entrusted with security at the Capitol.
The former chief of the Capitol Police, who Mendoza complimented in her remarks, said the rioters came ‘prepared for war.’
‘The events on January 6, 2021, constituted the worst attack on law enforcement that I have seen in my entire career,’ said former Capitol Police chief Steven Sund. ‘This was an attack that we are learning was pre-planned, and involved participants from a number of states who came well equipped, coordinated, and prepared to carry out a violent insurrection at the United States Capitol.’
‘I witnessed insurgents beating police officers with fists, pipes, sticks, bats, metal barricades, and flag poles. These criminals came prepared for war,’ he said.
‘We properly planned for mass demonstrations with possible violence. What we got was a military style coordinated assault on my officers and a violent takeover of the Capitol building,’ former Capitol Police chief Steven Sund testified Tuesday
Sund also testified that there was nothing in pre-January 6th intelligence that indicated that arrests were likely, and that federal agencies including the FBI did not warn of expected violence.
The officials, who were dismissed in the immediate aftermath of the riot, are taking part in the first public examination of the MAGA mob that overran the Capitol during the counting of the electoral votes.
Sund said the breach was ‘not the result of poor planning or failure to contain a demonstration gone wrong.’
He said Capitol Police had an ‘effective plan in place to handle the First Amendment demonstrations and possible pockets of violence that were anticipated for January 6, based upon the available intelligence.’
Acting Chief of the Metropolitan Police Robert Contee said his force was anticipating the ‘possibility of violence’ on Jan. 6, and spoke about how his forces quickly responded to requests for assistance
Former U.S. Capitol Police Chief Steven Sund (right) hugs Capitol Police Captain Carneysha Mendoza (left) before they testify before a Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs & Senate Rules and Administration joint hearing on Tuesday
Senate Sergeant at Arms Michael Stenger resigned in the wake of the January 6 attack on the Capitol
Former Capitol Police Chief Steven Sund has blamed the former House and Senate sergeants-at-arms for not green-lighting his request for back-up from the National Guard
And he said an intelligence report in advance of the Jan. 6th events assessed ‘the level of probability of acts of civil disobedience/arrests occurring based on current intelligence information,’ as ‘remote’ to ‘improbable’ for all of the groups expected to demonstrate on Wednesday, January 6, 2021.’
Sund said he approached the sergeants at arms to request National Guard support two days before the planned protests and counting of the electoral votes.
He said House Sergeant at Arms Paul Irving ‘stated that he was concerned about the “optics” of having National Guard present and didn’t feel that the intelligence supported it.’
He then went to Senate Sergeant at Arms Michael Stenger, Sund testified.
‘Mr. Stenger suggested I ask them how quickly we could get support if needed and to “lean forward” in case we had to request assistance on January 6,’ he said.
Sund also described a January 5 meeting that included FBI, Secret Service, and National Guard representation focused on the January 6 event and the inauguration.
‘During the meeting, no entity, including the FBI, provided any intelligence indicating that there would be a coordinated violent attack on the United States Capitol by thousands of well- equipped armed insurrectionists,’ he said.
Sund described the mob his officers encountered as unlike any protest he had every seen.
‘When the group arrived at the perimeter, they did not act like any group of protestors I had ever seen. Unlike other heated protests, these protesters did not simply congregate to angrily voice their grievances,’ he testified.
‘As soon as this group arrived at our perimeter, they immediately began to fight violently with the officers and to tear apart the steel crowd control barriers, using them to assault the officers,’ he continued. ‘It was immediately clear that their primary goal was to defeat our perimeter as quickly as possible and to get past the police line. This mob was like nothing I have seen in my law enforcement career. The group consisted of thousands of well-coordinated, well-equipped violent criminals. They had weapons, chemical munitions, protective equipment, explosives, and climbing gear. A number of them were wearing radio ear pieces indicating a high level of coordination.’
Robert J. Contee III, the acting DC Chief of Police, was invited to speak about the role his force played responding to the riot. He took his post just days before the riot
In this Jan. 6, 2021 file photo, rioters try to break through a police barrier at the Capitol in Washington
‘We properly planned for mass demonstrations with possible violence. What we got was a military style coordinated assault on my officers and a violent takeover of the Capitol building,’ Sund testified.
The hearing is the first of what is expected to be a series of probes and oversight investigations – including an independent commission being pushed by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi.
Despite Sund’s statement about pre-riot intelligence provided to Capitol security, acting Chief of the Metropolitan Police Robert Contee said his force was anticipating the ‘possibility of violence especially after dark’ as smaller groups with ‘malicious intent’ roamed the city, following earlier MAGA protests.
He spoke of how his officers responded ‘within minutes’ after Sund issued a call for help.
‘I was surprised at the reluctance to immediately send the National Guard to the Capitol grounds,’ he said.
Later in the hearing, Contee said that D.C. National Guard troops couldn’t even be pulled from their traffic postings without permission from the highest rungs of the federal government – because D.C. is not a state.
‘Yes, I think that is something that should fall under the mayor’s authority,’ he testified.
Irving used his testimony to dispute characterizations about his own pre-riot warning about the ‘optics’ of having National Guard present.
‘I relied on that intelligence when overseeing the security plan put forth by chief Sund,’ Irving said.
‘Based on the intelligence we all believed that the plan met the threat and that we were prepared. We now know that we had the wrong plan.’
In prepared testimony, Irving denied authorities had rejected having National Guard troops working at the U.S. Capitol on Jan. 6 alongside Capitol Police because of ‘optics,’ saying the intelligence did not warrant them.
The Washington Post has reported that the Capitol Police’s own intelligence unit warned on January 3 that ‘Congress itself’ could be the target of Trump supporters summoned by the then-president to fight his loss in the November 3 election.
The FBI also says it warned law enforcement agencies on January 5 that extremists were preparing to commit violence, although the warning was based largely on unconfirmed intelligence such as social media postings.
Some Department of Homeland Security officials were also concerned by social media postings, but an official familiar with intelligence reporting said Trump appointees at the department blocked efforts to circulate that intelligence widely around the government.
Scores of police were assaulted in the melee, with over 140 Capitol Police and some 65 metropolitan police injured.
More than 200 people have been charged so far for their roles in the riot, including some with ties to far-right fringe groups such as the Oath Keepers and Proud Boys.